Regulations for the PhD

Admission to the PhD programmes is open to:

  • Candidates who have obtained a minimum of 60% level of pass, weighted average or CGPA of 5.0 out of 7 in the course examination for the MSc degree programmes of courses from relevant fields to Child Health from the University of Ibadan
  • Candidates who have obtained an M. Phil or MPH degree from the University of Ibadan
  • Candidates admitted to the programme will be required to take relevant courses at the 700 and 800 levels in the first year of their registration.

 

Areas of Specialization

Child and Adolescent Health

This will involve the education and research on aspects of infectious disease. There will be an interdisciplinary concentration on child and adolescent health The PhD curriculum will expose students to the full breadth of the discipline, including trials methodology, quality of life measurement, meta-analysis, guidelines development, decision analysis, health services research, non-experimental design, and clinical economics. The curriculum will introduce the basic methods for epidemiology and case studies of important disease syndromes and health-related events. Economic and psycho-social factors that affect children and adolescents will also be covered. The areas of sub-specialization include:

  1. Social aspects of Child Health
  2. Adolescent Health

 

Public Health Biotechnology

An important bridge connecting the biology of diseases and public health is biotechnology. Public health biotechnology (PHB) covers current molecular biological techniques, which can be used to identify the underlying molecular processes in inherited disease as well as a wide variety of health-related conditions. There will be an interdisciplinary concentration in the study of the biology (immunology and genetics) of public health related diseases, focusing on hospital based and community based studies incorporating both epidemiologic and laboratory methods. Students will have the opportunities to be part of or design studies to understand the biology of public health diseases and in the application of these results for development and disease control. Some of the specific aims of this area of specialization include; carrying out experimental research for the promotion of excellence in Science and to inform policy; efficacy and safety profiles of interventions in poverty related diseases; to identify and characterize human biological markers in relation to diseases; bio-reagent development. The areas of sub-specialization include:

  1. Molecular/Genetic Epidemiology of diseases
  2. Immunogenetics/Immuno-epidemiology
  3. Bioinformatics


Course for the different Specializations

  • Child and Adolescent Health

Social Aspects of Child Health

  1. SOC 707 – Medical Anthropology 3 units

A critical examination of anthropological concepts and major themes in medical anthropology including topics such as Traditional Systems of Health Care, Bio-cultural Adaptation in Human Population, Social Epidemiology and Modern Health Care systems. A critical look at the future of Social Science and Medicine with the prospect of more cooperation between the disciplines

  1. SOC 708 – Medical Sociology                                                                      3 units

The course focuses on sociological concepts in the analysis of the causes and distribution of illness, health and medical orientation; patterns and utilization of health services, comparative analysis of health delivery systems; analysis of provision and patronage of health and preventive services, medical professions and socialization of health professionals.

  1. EMS 937 – Advanced methods in Epidemiology 3 units

History of Epidemiology; Definitions, basic principles, uses and application of epidemiology; Measurement of disease frequency – sources, uses and limitations; International classification of diseases, injuries and causes of death; Screening for diseases

 

  1. SOC 732 – Social Epidemiology 3 units

This course deals with the role of socio-cultural and environmental factors in the aetiology and distribution of disease including topics such as: ecological adaptive processes; Anthropological approaches to study of human adaptation to health and disease; the maintenance of Biological Homeostasis; Techniques for survival in a harsh environment.

  1. ECO 724 Health Economics 3 units

Introduction – scope and significance of health economics, health and economics. Development – interaction between health and economic development; health indices, demographic and epidemiological transitions; microeconomic applications in health – demand for health services, production of health cost – cost of health services. Economic evaluation of health care programmes – cost analysis; cost-benefit analysis; cost effectiveness analysis; cost-utility analysis and economic development – interaction between health and economic development: health indices; demographic and epidemiological transitions; microeconomic applications in health – demand for health services – medical markets; determinants of demand for health services, production of health-cost of health services. Economic evaluation of health care programmes – cost-analysis; process; planning for economic development

 

  1. CHH 812 – Economics of Childhood Illnesses 2 units

Introduction to the Economics of Health care; demands for health and health care services for children; burden of poverty and relationship with childhood infectious diseases

 

Child and Adolescent Health

  1. CHH 811 – Monitoring and Evaluation 3 units

Basic Concepts and Definitions; Evaluation Types and Models; Methods and Tools; Planning, Design and Implementation; Data Analysis and Report Writing; Use of Monitoring and Evaluation Results

  1. CHH 814 – Reporting and Reviewing of Child Health Research 3 units

Introduction to reporting and review of child health research; Critical appraisal of study reports; Standard methods for reporting the Title, Abstract Background Methods, Results, Discussion and conclusion of a research; Submitting a paper to and dealing with a journal; Introduction to systematic reviews; Why and how of systematic reviews; Critical appraisal of systematic reviews; Systematic reviews and selection bias; and Synthesis in systematic reviewers

 

  1. CHH 831 – Health Systems Assessment 3 units

Introduction to the principles and practice of health system analysis and comparison, the sources and utilization of information relating to the development, organization and operation of health services, and frameworks for assessing their performance; health care in other countries and perspectives on global health system reforms. It also examines the economic, social, epidemiological and political environments within which health care systems operate; reviews patterns of health service organization and management, health policy development and planning; characteristics of personal, community and environmental health services and their activities; health service financing arrangements including health insurance systems; the health workforce; other health service inputs and health information systems.

  1. CHH 810 – Child and Adolescent Social Psychiatry 3 units

Psychiatric epidemiology; social class and mental illness; the social forces at the onset of illness; comparative mental health delivery systems; community psychiatry with emphasis on the adolescents

  1. CHH 828- Advances in Genetic Epidemiology of diseases 3 units

Etiology, distribution, and control of non-communicable and infectious diseases and emerging diseases in the tropics in groups of relatives and with inherited causes of disease in populations; Molecular epidemiology (contribution of potential genetic, drug resistance, and environmental risk factors to etiology); discussions and case studies (relevant and emerging diseases)

 

  1. CHH 833- Advanced Statistical methods in Genetic epidemiology 3 units

Familial aggregation; segregation analysis; linkage analysis; testing Candidate gene association; linkage equilibrium mapping; Genome Wide Association studies and analysis (GWAS); gene characterization.

 

  1. CHH 830- Aetiopathogenesis of emerging diseases 3 units

The cause and development of a disease: The causative agents and environmental factors (treatment, drug resistance); development of the disease associated with the onset and subsequent development; Case studies and discussions (relevant and emerging childhood diseases of the tropics)

 

  • Public Health Biotechnology

1) Molecular /Genetic Epidemiology 2) Bioinformatics and 3) Immunogenetics/ Immuno-epidemiology

  1. CHH 726– Bioinformatics 3 units

Introduction to BioInformatics (Data Model – the NCBI example, GeneBank Sequence Database, Structure databases); Genomic Mapping and Mapping Databases (Genomic map Elements); Information Retrieval (Locus link and integrated information retrieval, Medical databases, Sequence Alignment methods and gap penalties, statistical significance, FASTA, BLAST Artefacts scoring matrices and Spliced Alignments);

 

  1. CHH 826 – Bioinformatics II 3 units

Creation and Analysis of Protein Multiple Sequence Alignment; Predictions (FGENES GENSCAN, PROCRUSTES, Strategies and considerations); Expressed Sequence Tags (EST); Sequence Assembly, Contigs; Phylogenetic Analysis (Phylogenetic model, Alignment, Tree Evaluation); Genomics (Genome Analysis, Comparative genomics).

 

  1. CHH 828- Advances in Genetic Epidemiology of diseases 3 units

Etiology, distribution, and control of non-communicable and infectious diseases and emerging diseases in the tropics in groups of relatives and with inherited causes of disease in populations; Molecular epidemiology (contribution of potential genetic, drug resistance, and environmental risk factors to etiology); discussions and case studies (relevant and emerging diseases)

 

  1. CHH 833- Advanced Statistical methods in Genetic epidemiology 3 units

Familial aggregation; segregation analysis; linkage analysis; testing Candidate gene association; linkage equilibrium mapping; Genome Wide Association studies and analysis (GWAS); gene characterization.

 

  1. CHH 830- Aetiopathogenesis of emerging diseases 3 units

The cause and development of a disease: The causative agents and environmental factors (treatment, drug resistance); development of the disease associated with the onset and subsequent development; Case studies and discussions (relevant and emerging childhood diseases of the tropics)