- The main objective of the programme is to offer courses which will lead to the award of a Master of Public Health (Child and Adolescent Health).
- To improve the necessary theoretical and practical background for the management of child and adolescent health problems.
- To provide insight into the underlying causes of adolescent health problems and how to manage them.
- To improve the care of adolescents in Nigeria generally by producing a core of trainers who will in turn train others in the organization, management and prevention of adolescent health care services and problems.
- To prepare those candidates found to be suitable for higher academic degree for the attainment of the same.
Candidates for admission into the MPH (Child and Adolescent Health) shall be holders of medical degree (MBBS) certificate of the University of Ibadan or other Universities recognized by the senate of the University. A good honours degree in Nursing, Psychology, Social Work, Human Nutrition or other Allied health professionals and graduates of other relevant courses to child and adolescent health of the University of Ibadan or other Universities recognized by the Senate of the University of Ibadan. Candidates must satisfy the normal University of Ibadan basic and higher degree requirements for matriculation.
Holders of the Postgraduate Diploma in Child Health (DCH) of the Institute of Child Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan are also eligible to apply for the Master of Public Health (MPH) Child and Adolescent Health.
Main Courses from ICH
- CHH 701 Perinatal Health
Overview of perinatal mortality, Basics of intrauterine care, The normal newborn, The high risk neonate, Essential Newborn Care, Neonatal Septicaemia, Neonatal Jaundice, The low birth weight infant, emerging issues
- CHH 702 Child development and growth
Principles guiding Growth and development, Growth Assessment, monitoring & evaluation of normal growth and development, Abnormal growth, Development testing, Prenatal diagnoses, Contemporary issues and challenges. Psychological disorders in children and adolescents, Psychological testing, Behavioural disorders of childhood, introduction to childhood mental health
- CHH 703 Child Health Policy and Programmes:
Immunizations, School health programmes, Children, Ethics, Rights, Convention Declarations and the Law, Child Health in Developing Countries, Indicators in child health, Cultural Issues in child and adolescent health, Child Survival Strategies and other International, Programmes on Children and Adolescence
- CHH 705 Nutrition in Childhood and Adolescence:-
Infant feeding, Types, Causes and Management of malnutrition, Nutrition and Infection, Nutritional Surveillance, feeding through the age groups
- CHH 705 Research Project
- CHH 706 Adolescent Health:
The Normal Adolescent, Special Health problem of adolescents, Substance abuse, Nutritional problems of adolescents, Behavioural/psychological/Psychiatric problems of adolescents, Programming/packaging of child/adolescent problems, social issues in adolescent health, legal issues in adolescent health, advocacy in adolescent health, sexual and reproductive issues, intentional injuries, youths with disabilities, monitoring and evaluations of adolescent health programmes
- CHH 707 Childhood Communicable Diseases
Overview of the epidemiology of vaccine preventable diseases: Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Measles, Chicken pox, Rubella, Poliomyelitis; Epidemiology and prevention of Malaria, HIV/AIDS, Diarrhoeal Diseases, and Helminthic Infections; Immunization programmes and newer vaccines; Upper airway infections (Ear and throat); Overview of social and cultural interplay in infectious diseases
- CHH 708 Childhood Non-communicable Diseases
Poisoning and home accidents, Non-infectious respiratory diseases in children, Epidemiology and prevention of Childhood Cancers, Overview of cardiovascular diseases risks in childhood and preventive measures, Common non-infectious gastrointestinal disorders, Common non-infectious CNS Disorders, Metabolic and Endocrine, Allergy and related diseases in children, Outdoor injuries and road traffic accident, The physically handicapped, Overview of socio-cultural determinants and interplay in non-communicable diseases
- COM 701 Rehabilitative and Social Medicine
Development of Social Welfare Services in Nigeria: Historical Background to the Care of the deprived children; Social response to their various needs; the role of religious and voluntary organizations. The Handicapped – Definition and Management; Rehabilitation. The Deprived Child and the Children’s Act. The Adoption Law. Destitute; Categories of Multidisciplinary team approach to Management, Continuity of care and importance of home care. Role of individuals, the family and Government. Juvenile Delinquents – Classification, causes, prevention and control. The Aged: The Population Pyramid. Problems of the aged: Meeting the needs of the aged. Social Security and the provision of Social Services for the aged. Concept of Healthy Aging. Meeting the needs of vulnerable children, i.e. AIDS orphans, street children.
- CHH 716 Seminar
A systematic search and critical review of current literature on topics related to the application of child and Public health contemporary issues.
- CHH 717 Internship
Students get engaged in child and adolescent health related activities in an a reputable organization where specialized services are rendered. Student are expected to present the reports of activities during the period of their internship for assessments the departmental examination panel
Courses from other Departments
- EMS 722 Application of computers for data management in health sciences
Computer hardware, peripherals and communication, Data acquisition and principles of information storage, Statistical packages for data management and analysis, Introduction to Epi Info, Word Perfect, MS-Word, SAS-PC,, Design of computer and data management systems, Principles of data management.
- EMS 727 Basic Statistical Procedures
Roles of statistics in human biology and medicine. Revision of basic concepts of probability and descriptive statistics. Significance tests methods based on the normal distribution. Analysis of variance. Regression and correlation. Confidence intervals. Formal and informal tests of assumption. Tests for discrete data Contingency tables. Basic distribution of free methods: Mann Whitney, Sign test, Spearman and Kendall correlation, Kruskall Wallis test
- EMS 726 Basic Research Methods in Medicine
Types of Research. Definition of aims and objectives. Target population; Variables and instruments for data collection. Data processing, interpretation and management. Report writing, Ethics of research. Budgeting, time and work schedules Basic sampling techniques; Other skills in research methodology including qualitative research methods. Principles of quantitative data collection, surveys, Interview and Focus Group Discussion. Random sampling, cluster statistical and multistage sampling; Ratio and regression estimates; Multiphase sampling; Systematic sampling; Sample size determination; Methods of collecting data; Non-sampling error; Health demographic error; Questionnaire design and data processing; Practical problems in medical sample surveys.
- HPM 710 Principles of Health Policy and Health Services Management
Nigerian health care system-focus on access, quality of care, and costs. Students will learn thoroughly how the system is structured, how care is organized, delivered, and financed, and how the National Health Policy will influence the future of the system. Students will understand the Nigerian health policy making structure process at the federal, state, and local levels. The Nature and Scope of Public Policy. The Evolution of Health Policy in Nigeria. Concepts of Public Policy Analysis, Policy Formulation, Implementation and Evaluation. The Historical Evolution of Management. Modern Concepts and Elements of Management. The Management Environment. The Health Planning Process. Health Manpower Planning and Development. The Organization of Health Care. Human Resource Management. Managing the Health team – Leadership and Team-building. Material Resource management. The management of Essential Drugs. Health Care Financing. Financial Resource management and Cost-Recovery Systems. Health Economics – the Economic Appraisal of Health Programmes. Health services Management Information Systems. The Evaluation of Health Services. Quality Management in HealthCare.
- HPE 705 Community Organization & Development
Community Organization; concepts of community, community organization, and progressive community organization; Importance of objectives in community development and organization; Resources for facilitating community organization and development; Principles and practice of Community Diagnosis, and Needs Assessment; Importance and salient elements of an action plan;, Models of Community Development (Locality development, social planning and social action); Community Directed Intervention as a delivery tool for community development; Concepts, benefits, challenges in community participation and community in involvement; Relationship between Power and Leadership Structure on community organization and development; Concepts of Leadership, Leadership styles and their advantages and disadvantages in community organization and development; Culture and development; Concept and principles of social mobilization; Unit of identity, unit of solution; process of Adoption of innovation
- NUT 706 Nutrition in Public Health
Malnutrition as a public health problem. Criteria for diagnosis of under-nutrition and over-nutrition, specific deficiency diseases, interaction between malnutrition and infection. Nutritional problems of the vulnerable groups. Nutritional surveillance and Rehabilitation. Nutrition and Urbanization; Supplementary feeding. Nutrition during emergency. Applied Nutrition Programmes and Nutrition education: Integration of nutrition with other projects of disease control. Child growth and development; Food sources and cultural food patterns.
- EMS 720 Basic Demographic Methods
Introduction of methods of demographic analysis. Mathematical study of mortality and fertility, migration, standardization, life tables
- EHS 701 Principles of Environmental Health
Introduction: various components, environment definition, pollution, effects. Water: water on planet, water resources and their development, hydrologic cycle, water quality-physico-chemical and bacteriological, water treatment at household, community level and special treatment methods, water and health. Human excreta: excreta as a resource, excreta and health, disposal methods – pit latrine, VIP latrines, septic systems, aqua privies, septic tanks, other emerging technologies. Solid wastes: composition, disposal problems, health problems, disposal methods: -reuse, recycling, controlled tipping/sanitary disposal, incineration, composting, other emerging technologies. Soil: soil pollution, soil as a medium for waste disposal. Air: composition of air, air pollution, various pollutants (particulates, oxides of C, N, S, and smoke etc), their effects on ecosystems and health, air pollution control strategies in industry and outside. Food hygiene and safety: food safety, agents of infection or disease transmission, food poisoning, chemicals in food,, natural toxins, food sanitation in various industries (meat, milk, fish, bakeries, restaurants, school meal programme, etc.), food preservation practices/technologies, HACCP in safeguarding food safety. Housing: features of good housing, slums development and management, housing and health, tropical housing. Emerging environmental problems: greenhouse gases, climate change, light, humidity, radiation, etc. Vectors of public health importance: environment and vectors, definition of vectors, life histories, vectors habitat, vectors and common diseases, control measures (chemical, biological, environmental and genetic).
- HPE 714 Ethics in Public Health Research and Practices
History of research ethics; Guidelines and regulations for conducting research; Principles of research ethics; Informed consent; and its key elements; Guidelines for setting up and managing institutional review boards Conduct and Misconduct in research Ethics of emerging development in science, technology and other contemporary issues; Ethics practicum including analysis of case studies. International conventions and their implications for public health research and health programming.including plagiarism, falsification etc; Conflicts of interest in research; Confidentiality in research
- HPE 721 Adolescent and Sexual Reproductive Health Issues
General overview of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health; Adolescent development; Biological, psychological and social aspects of normal adolescent growth; Variety of adolescent health problems and its biological and social effects; Health as a function of the dynamic interplay between the adolescent and social environment, family, school and community; Diet in adolescence and its impact on sexual and reproductive health development of adolescents; Adolescent sexuality and fertility; Overview of adolescent sexuality; Types of sexuality and the challenges of each; Teenage pregnancy and contraception; Youth friendly services; Marital issues – sex and divorce; Life building skills; decision making skills; communication skills; value oriented skills; assertive skills; self-esteem skills; parenting skills; Adolescent sexuality and fertility; Overview of adolescent sexuality; Types of sexuality and the challenges of each; Teenage pregnancy and contraception; Youth friendly services; Financing adolescent sexual and reproductive health; Overview of financing for health care; Types of financing for adolescent sexual and reproductive health; Challenges of financing adolescent sexual and reproductive health; Stakeholders’ responsibilities in adolescent sexual and reproductive health; Overview of stakeholder involvement in sexual and reproductive health; Types of stakeholders and responsibilities; Challenges/constraints to stakeholders’ responsibilities in adolescent sexual and reproductive health; Application of Community Directed Intervention to stakeholder involvement in adolescent health; Other issues in adolescent and sexual health; Child labour; Child abuse; Child trafficking; Challenges in adolescent sexual and reproductive health; Challenges of High Age dependency ratio on the RH status of Nigeria; Challenges of Child Sexual and Reproductive Health in Nigeria and the way forward; Challenges of SRH as it relates to persons with disability, ambiguous genitalia, transgender, MSM, WSW and the bisexual; Ethical Issues in RH (assisted reproduction, experimentation of new products, clinical trials); Student evaluation based on class participation and end of course assessment
- RFH 701 Principles and Practice of Reproductive and Family Health
Integrated care and management, child survival strategies, perinatal, neonatal, infant, under five, school age morbidity and mortality patterns and risk factors. Analysis of policies and strategies for preventing illness and deaths. Adolescent Health and sexuality, integrated management of childhood diseases. Evaluation of FH services.
- RFH 702 Population Epidemiology, Family Health and Safe Motherhood
Population dynamics, migration, mortality, fertility and health; Human reproduction, menarche, menopause and andropause, lactation and lactation amenorrhoea, epidemiology of infertility at community level; Preconception care: prenatal, perinatal post natal care, post-conceptional care, maternal morbidity and mortality. Emergency obstetric care. Use of indicators for the MCH population, statistics and rates; (General fertility rate, Total fertility rates, maternal, perinatal, neonatal and post neonatal infant, child, under five, rates). Research design for the mortality rates, interrelationships between mortality rates and population dynamics.